Sao Paulo city profile
Federal State: São Paulo
Airports: São Paulo-Guarulhos International Airport
Origins: São Vicente, in the coast of São Paulo, was the first city founded in Brazil, on January 20th, 1532; the main reason for Martin Afonso de Sousa to found the village was to guarantee the possession of the area, constantly visited by foreigners. Football Clubs: SC Corinthians
Cane was the first economic activity, but the farmers from São Paulo couldn´t compete with the northeasterns, because of the climate and, more important, because the coast of São Paulo is much narrower (the coast is separated from the interior by the Serra do Mar; see Geography of São Paulo).
On January 25th 1554, jesuits on a mission to convert the indians walked up the Serra do Mar and founded a college, which would become the city of São Paulo. The jesuits were followed by another group which also had intereste on indians: the bandeirantes, who chased indians to be enslaved in the cane plantations (later on, the bandeirantes, in search of gold, would explore the unknown lands of what today is western Brazil.
Until the end of the 17th century, the bandeiras (the exploratory expeditions organized and led by the bandeirantes) were the main economic activity of São Paulo; initially, the bandeiras chased indians, but after the traffic from African slaves was established, the goal of the bandeirantes was shifted to prospecting gold and combating fugitive blacks.
They indeed found gold, but in the lands of Minas Gerais (see History of Minas Gerais); many paulistas moved to the gold regions, in search of quick richness, and the incipient farms felt the lack of workers. In 1711, the area of Minas Gerais, which was part of the capitany of São Paulo, was dismembered; the province of São Paulo remained under explored.
São Paulo stadium profile
Stadium: São Paulo stadium
Gross Capacity: 48000
The New Corinthians Stadium, also know as "Itaquerão", "Fielzão" and "Arena Corinthians" is a proposed football stadium which would be built in Itaquera area of São Paulo, Brazil, and will replace the city owned Pacaembu Stadium as the home stadium of Corinthians.
The project was first announced on August 27, 2010, by president of CBF Ricardo Teixeira, the governor of São Paulo, Alberto Goldman and the mayor of São Paulo Gilberto Kassab, with a planned opening date of 2013. The stadium is intended to have a capacity of 48,000 spectators, with 20,000 additional seats during 2014 FIFA World Cup in order to hold the opening game.